Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 1-6
Actions on Humidifying Catchments of the Rivers and to Counteraction to the Spontaneous Phenomena Caused by Changes of a Climate
Svetlana Vasilievna Budnik, The Central Geophysical Observatory It, Boris Sreznevskogo, Kiev, Ukraine
Received: May 24, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 9, 2020;       Published: Aug. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.hyd.20200801.11      View  217      Downloads  49
Abstract
Changes of a climate have generated in territory of Ukraine and other countries of the world many various problems, among them reduction humidifying reservoirs of many rivers is marked also. Existing measures on management of a water management in connection with influence of change of a climate are obviously insufficient, about what is spoken and in some documents WMO. In given work on the basis of the analysis of components of water balance of territory the list of actions on regulation dry up reservoirs of the rivers which has arisen in connection with changes of a climate is spent. For the analysis the atmospheric precipitation measured for the long-term period, evaporation from a surface of ground and water, stocks of productive moisture in ground, a layer of a runoff of water are used. Reduction of a river drain on hydrological to a post Sluch – Sarny occurs due to reduction of soil inflow, and, decreases not only a component of a soil feed of the river, but also stocks of water in a soil layer 0-100 see. As the actions adjusting humidifying of territory, are recommended: restoration of marsh files, construction of small dams in the top parts of a hydrographic network beams and hollows, agrarian and wood land improvement. For maintenance of an ecological runoff in the river Dnepr regulation of outflow of water to Black sea system of sluices of available water basins is recommended.
Keywords
Water Resources, Water Balance, Moisture in Soil, Actions on Humidifying Catchments
To cite this article
Svetlana Vasilievna Budnik, Actions on Humidifying Catchments of the Rivers and to Counteraction to the Spontaneous Phenomena Caused by Changes of a Climate, Hydrology. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.hyd.20200801.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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