Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 18-31
Water Quality Monitoring of Magadi Hill Range Lakes and Reservoirs of India
Ramachandra Mohan Muniyellappa, Lake Water Quality Research Lab, Department of Zoology, Bangalore University, Bangalore, India
Received: Jan. 5, 2018;       Accepted: Jan. 12, 2018;       Published: Feb. 7, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.hyd.20180601.13      View  1433      Downloads  58
Water flows from Magadi hills to Bangalore for about 60 Km, regulates the water quality phenomena through exchange of water. This is the main source of water to caterers drinking, domestic and irrigation purposes of Bangalore City and its sub unbans. Due to improper maintenance and increase papulations of Bangalore City, discharge of sewage water to the Vrishabhavathi river and further this water is flowing back and contaminate the main water bodies which may lead to alter the drinking water quality of Magadi hill range water bodies. Information about water quality monitoring reports and the future project monitoring for these Magadi hill range lakes and reservoirs with special reference to developing countries and its necessary methods/ devices will be reviewed and discussed.
Bangalore, Magadi, Hill Range, Water Bodies
To cite this article
Ramachandra Mohan Muniyellappa, Water Quality Monitoring of Magadi Hill Range Lakes and Reservoirs of India, Hydrology. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 18-31. doi: 10.11648/j.hyd.20180601.13
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abbasi, S. A., Naseema Abbasi & Bhatia, K. K. S. 1997. The Kuttiadi river basin In: Wetlands of India. Ecology and threats. Vol. III Discovery Publishing House. New Delhi. P. 65–143.
Agarwal, D. K., S. D. Gaur, I. C. Tiwari, N. Narayanaswami and S. M. Marwah 1976. physico-chemical characteristics of Ganga water at Varanasi. Ind. J. of Env. Helth. 18 (3): 201–206.
American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation 1995. Standard methods for the Examination of water and waste water, 19th Eds. Washington D. C.
APHA, AWWA, WPCF. 1998. Standard methods for the Examination of waater and waste water. 20th Edn. Washington D. C.
APHA. 1985. Standard methods for the Examination of water and waste water. American Public Health Asssociated. Washington. New York.
Badge, U.S. and Verma, A. K. 1985. Limnological Studies on JNU. Lake, New Delhi, India Bull Bot. Soc. Sagar, 32: 16-23.
Batcha, A. S. M. 2003. Studies on species distribution, percentage composition and numerical abundance of benthic microflora of north Vembaded lake. AJMBES, 5 (4): 421-425.
Bhatt, L. R., Lacoul, P., Lekhak, H. D. and Jha, P. K. 1999.. physico-chemical characteristics and phytoplanktons of Taudaha lake, Katmandu. Poll. Res. 18 (4): 353-358.
Chandler, D. C. 1942. Limnological studies of western lake Eire. III phytoplankton and physical data from November 1939 to November 1940. Ohio. J. Sci. 42: 24-44.
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment-water quality control division (CDPHE-WQCD). “The Basic Standards and Methodologies for surface Water”. 5CCR 1002-31. http://www.cdphe.state.cous/us/cdphereg. asp # Wq reg.
Dey. M. K. and A. K. Hazra, 2005. Comparative Limnological studies of two ponds (Blue and Milk pond) of Chandaneswar Temple in Orissa. Environment and Ecology 23 (Spl.-1): 114-117.
Dilip, K., Rathore, P. Sharma, G. Barupal, S. Tyagi and Krishna Chandra sonle 2006. Analysis of. physico-chemical characteristics to study the water quality index, Algal blooms and eutrophic conditions of lakes of Udaipur city, Rajasthan. Indian J. Environ. And Ecoplan 12 (1): 223-230.
Elizabeth, K. M. and L. Premnath Naik 2005. Water analysis of lake Husssain sagar Hyderabad. Andhra Pradesh and Bio-remediation of some pollutants by fungi. Poll. Res. 24 (2): 337-340.
Forbes, S. A. 1877. The lake as microcosm, Bull. Peoria III Sci. Assoc. 1887. Reprinted in Bull III. Nat. Hist. Surv. 15: 537-550.
Ganapathi, J. V. 1941. Studies on chemistry and biology of ponds in the Madras city. Seasonal changes in the physical and chemical conditions of garden pond containing aquatic vegetation. J. Madras University. 13 (1): 55-69.
Ganapathi, S. V., P. I . Chacko and R. Sreenivasan 1953. A hydrological conditions of the Gangadhareshwar temple tank. Madras. J. Asiatic. Soc. Sci: 19:149-159.
Ganesh R. Hegde and Y. S. Kale 1995. Quality of Lentic water of Dharwad district in North Karnataka, Indian. J. Environ. Hlth.. Vol. 37 (1):52-56.
Gause, G. F. 1932. Ecology of population. Quart Rev. Biol. 7:27-46.
Giller, Paul and Matmqvist, Bjorn 1998. The biology of streams and Rivers. Oxford University press.
Goldmen, C. R. and A. T. Horne 1993. Limnology, Mc. Graw hill company, Pp. 464.
Hamilton, S. K. and W. M. Lewis. 1990. Basin morphology in relation to chemical and ecological characteristics of lakes on the Orinoco river flood plain Venezuel, Arch. Hydrobiologia. 119: 393-425.
Hannan, H. H. 1979. Chemical modification in reservoir regulated streams. In the ecology of regulated streams (Ed. By J. W. Ward and J. A. standford). Plenam corporation publication P. 75-94
Hedge. C. R. and Bharathi. S. G. 1985. Comparative phytoplankton ecology of freshwater ponds and lakes of Dharwad. Karnataka State. (Ed. Adoni. A. D.) India. Proc. Nat. Sym. Pure and Appl. Limnology. Bull. Bot. Soc. Sagar. 32. 24-29.
Hosmani, S. P. and Bharathi, S. G. 1980. Limnological studies in ponds and lakes os Dharwar comparative phytoplankton ecology of four fresh water bodies. Phykos. 19: 27-42.
Huszar, V. L. and Caraco, N. 1998. The relationship between phytoplankton composition and physical chemical variables. Freshwater, Biol. 40, 679-696.
Jebanesan, A., Selvanayagam, M. and Thatlegur, A. 1987. Distributory pattern of dissolved oxygen in the selected stations of cooam river and its effects on the aquatic fauna proc-symp. Environ. Biol: 303-311.
Jhingran, V. G. 1982. Fish and Fisheries of India 2nd Edn. Hindustan publishing corporation (India) Delhi.
Juday, C. and Birege, E. A. 1933. The Transparency the colour and specific conductance of the lake water of north eastern Wisconsin Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts. Lett. 28: 205-259.
Kagalou, I and Petridis, D. 2001. Seasonal variations of water quality parameters in a Shallow laek (lake pamvotis) and effects on phytoplankton, zooplankton. Communities, Hydrobiologia.
Kansas collaborative Research Network (kan CRN) stream Monitoring interne site http://www. Kancrn.org/stream/index.cfm.
Kanungo, V. K. J. N. Verma and D. K. patel 2006.. physico-chemical characteristics of doodhadhari pond in RAipur, Chhattisgarh. Ecol. Env. & Cons. 12 (2): 207-209.
Kaur, H., S. S. Dhillon, K. S. Bath and G. Mander 1996. Abiotic and biotic components of a fresh water ponds of Patiala (Punjab). Poll. Res. 15 (3): 253-256.
Kaushik, S. and Saxena, D. N. 1999. physico-chemical limnologyof certain water bodies of central India. In: K Vijaykumar (Ed.). Fresh water ecosystems of India. Daya. Publishing House. New Delhi. 1-58.
Kiran, R. and Ramachandra, T. V. 1999. Status of wetlands in Bangalore and its conservation aspects. ENVIS J. of Human Settlements. 16-24.
Lindeman, R. L. 1942. The tropic dynamic aspects of ecology. Ecol. 23: 399-418.
Mahadevan, A and Krishnaswamy. S. 1993 A quality profile of river vague. (Shindig). Ind. J. Environ. Hlth. 25 (4): 288-299.
Mathew Koshy and Vasudevan Nayar, J. 1999. Water quality aspects of river Pamba. Poll. Res. 18 (14):501-510.
Mathur, R. P. 1999. Water and waste water testing (laboratory manual) Nemchand and Brothces, Roorkee, India.
Mishra, S. P. and Sexena, D. N. 1993. Planktonic fauna in relation to. physico-chemical characteristic of Gauritank at Madyapradesh, India. Advances in Limnology, Narendra publishing house, New Delhi. 57-61.
Mishra, S. R. and Saksena, D. N. 1991. Pollutional ecology with reference to physico-chemical characteristics of morar (Kalpi) river. Gawliar (M. P.). Current Trends in Limnology. 1: 159-184.
Mitchell and Stapp 1992. Field manual for water quality Monitoring.
Mobius, K. 1877. Die Auster and Die Austern. Wirtschaft. Berlin. Pp. 683-751.
Munawar, M. 1970. Limnological studies in fesh ater ponds of Hyderabad. India-I. The Biotype. Hydrobiologia, 35: 127-162.
Nagarathna and S. P. Hosmani 2002. Impact of Microcystis. Aeruginosa kutz, Bloom on the water quality parameters. Poll. Res. 21 (1): 59-61.
Nalin, K. Shastree, M. D. Shamseul Islam, Shubha pathak and Mussarrat Afshan 1991. Studies on physico-chemical dimensions of the lentic Hydrosphere of Ravindra sarovar (Gaya). Current trends in Limnology 1: 138-152.
Odum, H. T. 1957. Tropical structure and productivity of silver springs of florida Ecol. Monorgr. 27: 55-112.
Omprakesh Mandal, Bandana, B. K. Singh, T. N. Mandal and K. M. P. Sinha 2003. Monthly variation in physic-chemical characteristics of a wetland of North Bihar, India. Poll. Res. 22 (1): 139-142.
Paul. D. K. 1992. Limnological investigation of certain Hill-streams of Godda district (Santhal Pargana) Ph. D. thesis Bhag. Univ.
Rao, K. S., Kartha, K. N., Gupta, D. R., Pandya, S. S. and Lyr H. K. 1988. Studies on the morphometry and hydrology of Gandhisagar Reservoir with special reference to its. Fisheries. Fish. Tech. 25 (1): 21-28.
Ravikumar, M., E. T. Puttaiah, B. R. Kiran, Manijappa and A. B. Banakar, 2006. Physico-chemical characterization of Kulahalli tank near Harapanahalli, Devanagare district, Karnataka. Environment and Ecology. 24 (1): 177-180.
Rawson, D. S. 1956. Algae indicators of trophical lake. Type. Limnol. Oceanogr. 1: 195-211.
Rodhe, W. 1949. The ionic composition of lake waters, Verb. Int. Ver. Limnol. 10: 377-386.
Seenyya, G. 1971. Ecological studies in the plankton of certain fresh water ponds of Hyderabad. India-I, Physico-chemical complexes. Hydrobiologia. 37: 7-31.
Sharma, M. and A. B. Gupta 2004. Seasonal variation of physico-chemical parameters of Hathali Stream in outer Himalayas. Poll. Res. 23 (2) 265-270.
Singh, R. N. 1965. Limnological relations of Indian Inland waters with special reference to water blooms. Int. Associ. Of Limnology. 12: 831-883.
Suchi Tiwari, Savita Dixit and S. K. Gupta 2004. An evaluation of various physico-chemical parameters in surface waters of Shanpura lake Bhopal. Poll. Res. 23 (4): 829-832.
Swingle, H. S. 1967. Standardization of chemical analysis for water and muds. FAO. Fish-Rep. 4 (4): 397-421.
Timms, B. V. 1986. A costal dune lakes of eastern Australia. Inp. De Decker and W. D. Willaims, Edn. Limnology in Australia. W. Junk Publ. Dortrecht, Pp. 421-432.
Tiwari, P. R . 1999. Ecological problems in the upper lakes Bhopal problems and suggestion. Ecol. Envi. And Cons. 5 (2): 115-117.
Toshiniwal, R. R. Mathur and D. B. Bhure. 2006. Study on some physico-chemical parameters of Tisgaon lake water in Aurangabad district India. Asian. J. of Microbiol. Biotech. Env. Sc. 8 (3): 719-720.
Trivedy and Goel P. K. 1986. Chemical and Biological Method for water pollution studies, Env. Publication in Karad.
Verma, M. N. 1967. Diurnal variation in a fish pond Seoni, India. Hydrobiologia. 30: 129-137.
Verma, S. R. Sharma, P., Tyagi, A., Gupta, A. K. and R. C. Dalela, 1984. Pollution and Sporshic status of astern Kalinadi. Limnologica (Berlin). 15 (1): 69-133.
Verma P. K. 1981. The Limnological survey of Badua Reservoir. Bhagalpur (Bihar). Ph, D. thesis. Bhag. Univ.
Vijaya kumar, K., R. Paul 1990. Physico-chemical studies of bhosgha reservoir in Gulbarga, Karnataka. J. Ecobiol. 2 (4): 330-335.
Welch, P. S. 1952. Limnology. Mac Graw Hills Book. Co., New York.
Wetzel, R. G. 1983. Limnology 2nd edition Saunders. Coll. Publ. 267.
Zutshi, D. P. and Khan, A. V. 1998. Eutrophic gradient in the dial lake, Kashmir. Indian J. Env. Health. 30 (4): 348-354.
Browse journals by subject